Ketones have good solvent properties for many polymers and adhesives. Lighter ketones, such as acetone, are soluble in water and may be useful for certain rapid drying operations. Heavier ketones, such as acetophenone, are nearly insoluble in water. Ketones generally evaporate completely without leaving a residue. Some ketones such as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) once were widely used. However, they now are considered hazardous air pollutants (HAPS) and thus are not favorable solvent substitutes. The ketones are strong solvents that find uses as primary solvents for lacquers, lacquer reducers, contact cements, components in nail polishes and removers, cleaning solvents and degreasers. Other uses include the dewaxing of lubricating oils and the stripping of dyestuffs from fabrics.
Common ketones are e.g. acetone, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK), methyl amyl ketone (MAK), dimetyl ketone, 2-Propanone, Cyclohexanone.
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